are transmitted when a person inhales airborne particles that
are dispersed when an infected person coughs or sneezes. A
cold can also be transmitted by touching infected surfaces
and then touching your face around the mouth or nose.
immune system may bring on symptoms, but contrary to popular
belief going outside unprotected in cold weather is not a
direct cause of the common cold.
colds are caused by an airborne virus, they are usually spread
quickly and easily through households, schools and the workplace.
contact with those who are sick is the best method of prevention.
You can also take steps to prevent the spread of colds by
washing your hands, keeping surfaces clean, and covering your
nose and mouth when you sneeze and cough.
the immune system during cold season can reduce the chance
of catching a cold or flu. A balanced diet that includes plenty
of fresh fruits and vegetables, increased intake of water
or fruit juices, as well as supplements such as Vitamin
C, echinacea and zinc
can all help to ward off symptoms or reduce their severity
if a cold does strike. Getting plenty of rest and avoiding
some studies show that cold viruses prefer warm, dry, indoor
air during the winter months, so keeping a window open to
let fresh air in, or using a room air humidifier may also
of a cold usually include sneezing, coughing, runny and/or
stuffy nose, sore
throat. A cold may be accompanied by a fever and/or headache.
A cold can also cause fatigue, muscle
aches and make a person feel generally miserable, and
may last anywhere from a couple of days to a couple of weeks.
is no cure for the common cold which usually resolves on its
own within 7 to 10 days, sometimes sooner. Over-the-counter
pain relievers can help alleviate muscle aches and fever.
soup), hot tea or throat lozenges can soothe a sore irritated
throat, and a decongestant can ease the discomfort of a stuffy
wise to see a physician if symptoms do not improve or seem
to get worse. The common cold could lead to other conditions
such as strep throat, bronchitis, sinusitis or even pneumonia.
More information about cold remedies and prevention around the Web: