Treatment of prostate cancer varies depending
how far it has spread, and may include surgery,
radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal manipulation
or a combination of treatments.
About the size
of a walnut, the prostate gland is an important part of the male
reproductive system that mixes fluid with sperm during ejaculation.
As men age,
cancer cells may begin to form in the prostate. Men over 65, or
with a family history (a brother or father who developed prostate
cancer) and African American men are most prone to prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer symptoms
the disease are commonly reported as difficulty starting urination,
or less pressure of the stream while urinating.
might include blood or pus in the urine, pain or a burning sensation
while urinating or ejaculating, or chronic lower back pain.
cancer can grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body, the
disease is usually found to be slow-growing in most men who may
never experience any symptoms.
Research suggests that
red wine & garlic reduces
risk of prostate cancer.
at risk, simple screening for the disease may include a DCR (digital
rectal exam) or a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test to check if there
are high levels of PSA in the blood.
If the disease
is determined to be aggressive and fast growing, treatment options
may include traditional surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy - or
more advanced therapies such as ultrasound of the prostate, which destroys cancer
cells with heat, or cryoablation (freezing cells).
known as "watchful waiting", is geared specifically for
older men who are diagnosed with slow-growing prostate cancer. Since
there is no immediate threat, treatment is postponed, but the condition
is watched regularly over time to ensure that the disease does not
develop into the faster growing type.
How to avoid prostate cancer
The good news? Studies indicate that "wine, women and song" -- and healthy foods -- are some of the best ways to avoid getting prostate cancer.
Research into why Western European men have lower rates of prostate cancer suggests a link between red wine and cancer prevention, as well as a Mediterranean diet that includes healthy amounts of sulfur regularly found in garlic and green scallions.
the Web, learn more about the disease at expert sites offering additional
facts and information on common symptoms, testing & screening,
traditional treatment and advanced therapies, related research studies
and clinical trials, as well as alternative and complementary therapies
and helpful online support for prostate cancer patients ....
Cancer Home Page - National Cancer Institute - Extensive
guide to the topic with information on risk factors, diagnosis,
treatment options including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy,
immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy, research news, statistics, and
how & where to find a related clinical trial.
Cancer Research Institute - This is a patient advocacy group with
facts on prostate cancer basics, symptoms, treatment & side
effects, tips and advice on nutrition & self care, related glossary
and an 800 hotline number to call for more information.