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prostate cancer
Treatment of prostate cancer varies depending
how far it has spread, and may include surgery,
radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal manipulation
or a combination of treatments.

About the size of a walnut, the prostate gland is an important part of the male reproductive system that mixes fluid with sperm during ejaculation.

As men age, cancer cells may begin to form in the prostate. Men over 65, or with a family history (a brother or father who developed prostate cancer) and African American men are most prone to prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer symptoms

Symptoms of the disease are commonly reported as difficulty starting urination, or less pressure of the stream while urinating.

Other signs might include blood or pus in the urine, pain or a burning sensation while urinating or ejaculating, or chronic lower back pain.

While prostate cancer can grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body, the disease is usually found to be slow-growing in most men who may never experience any symptoms.

Prostate cancer treatment

Research suggests that
red wine & garlic reduces
risk of prostate cancer.

For patients at risk, simple screening for the disease may include a DCR (digital rectal exam) or a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test to check if there are high levels of PSA in the blood.

If the disease is determined to be aggressive and fast growing, treatment options may include traditional surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy - or more advanced therapies such as ultrasound of the prostate, which destroys cancer cells with heat, or cryoablation (freezing cells).

Another option, known as "watchful waiting", is geared specifically for older men who are diagnosed with slow-growing prostate cancer. Since there is no immediate threat, treatment is postponed, but the condition is watched regularly over time to ensure that the disease does not develop into the faster growing type.

How to avoid prostate cancer

The good news? Studies indicate that "wine, women and song" -- and healthy foods -- are some of the best ways to avoid getting prostate cancer.

Research into why Western European men have lower rates of prostate cancer suggests a link between red wine and cancer prevention, as well as a Mediterranean diet that includes healthy amounts of sulfur regularly found in garlic and green scallions.

One other study suggests that men who have sex more frequently also have less risk of developing prostate cancer.

More about prostate cancer around the Web:

Elsewhere on the Web, learn more about the disease at expert sites offering additional facts and information on common symptoms, testing & screening, traditional treatment and advanced therapies, related research studies and clinical trials, as well as alternative and complementary therapies and helpful online support for prostate cancer patients ....

Prostate Cancer Home Page - National Cancer Institute - Extensive guide to the topic with information on risk factors, diagnosis, treatment options including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy, research news, statistics, and how & where to find a related clinical trial.

Prostate Cancer Research Institute - This is a patient advocacy group with facts on prostate cancer basics, symptoms, treatment & side effects, tips and advice on nutrition & self care, related glossary and an 800 hotline number to call for more information.


Also see -> Erectile Dysfunction | Men's Health

This information is intended as reference and not as medical advice.
All treatment decisions should be made by medical professionals.

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