which is also widely known as German measles or three day
measles, is a rash which is caused by the rubella virus. It
typically affects very young children, but can be contracted
by anyone at any age. Despite the name, rubella is not actually
a type of measles, nor is it even related to the measles,
it simply shares many symptoms in common with measles.
The primary symptom of rubella is the pink rash, which typically
originates on the face and then spreads to the trunk and finally
out to the limbs. The rash will disappear in the same sequence.
Other symptoms can include nose congestion, a mild fever and
headache, and possibly bloodshot eyes. The symptoms of rubella
are usually quite mild, and it is possible to have rubella
and not even know it.
Treatment of rubella is typically not necessary as it is generally
a very mild infection that goes away on its own in three to
five days. The older the infected person is, however, the
more severe the rubella symptoms are, and so older people
may need some treatment to lessen the symptoms.
women who contract rubella are also at risk of developing complications
since rubella can be passed on to the fetus and can pose potential pregnancy
risks and health problems for the child both before and
after birth. Pregnant women who become infected with rubella
should see a doctor immediately.
Thanks to modern medicine, german measles can usually
be prevented. Rubella is not nearly as common today as it
once was because there is a vaccine which is
very effective at lowering the chances of being infected. Along with measles and mumps, the german measles inoculation is now standard and administered as a matter of course to young children in most developed countries.