loss of appetite
muscle aches and pains
is an infection that is caused by a virus of the herpes
family, the Epstein-Barr virus.
known as mono (or in the UK and Australia as glandular fever)
its is transmitted through saliva, which is why mononucleosis
is also sometimes called "the kissing disease."
the condition can be transmitted through kissing, it can also
be contracted by sharing eating utensils, or drinking from
the same glass as someone else who is infected. Mono is also
transmitted through coughing and sneezing.
usually appear between 4 to 6 weeks after exposure. The initial
symptoms of mononucleosis are very similar to common cold or flu
symptoms and may not be easily distinguished.
throat, headache, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, swollen
glands and white patches on the back of the throat. The eyes
may be light sensitive, and muscle
aches and pains may occur as well. A skin rash may also
Also known as "the kissing
is as contagious as the common cold or flu.
is no cure for mononucleosis. It will run its course on its
own although it may take anywhere from several days to several
Treatment is symptomatic. Over-the-counter medication
such as Tylenol can be taken for fever and pain relief. It
is important to drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of bed
rest while recuperating from mononucleosis.
mono usually resolves with no adverse effects, complications
may occur, such as enlargement of the spleen. Liver conditions such as hepatitis
or jaundice may also develop as the body works overtime filtering out infection.
virus that causes mononucleosis can remain in the body system
for several weeks after a person has recovered, so anyone infected with should take time to recuperate, and refrain from strenuous activity until fully recovered.
prevention is the best medicine. By practicing good hygiene,
such as hand washing and covering the mouth and nose when
sneezing or coughing, you can also lessen the spread of such viruses.
Although it is not possible to
avoid contact with all germs or viruses, taking simple precautions
can lessen the risk of exposure to illnesses such as mononucleosis.