testes are located outside the
body where cooler temperatures help
maintain sperm production. In the
female, the ovaries are protected
within the pelvis.
most organs in the human body are generally indistinguishable
between the sexes, female ovaries and male testes are what
clearly sets the two apart.
The male reproductive organs, for example, are found outside
of the body. The
sperm-producing testes lie in the scrotum, due to the fact
that maintaining sperm several degrees below normal body temperature
is vital to their production.
testes, tens of millions of sperm are developed, where once
formed they complete their maturation in the epididymis.
are ready to be ejaculated, they join the ejaculatory fluid
produced in the prostate gland.
copulation, the sperm-rich fluid is transported through the
penis via waves of muscle contractions at the time of climax
(orgasm) to fertilize the ova in the female.
The female reproductive organs are also found primarily in
the pelvic region, but are for the most part located inside
the body to protect the ovaries (about the size of almonds)
located on each side of the uterus.
to eggs, the uterus is where the female sex hormones, estrogen
and progesterone are produced, signaling sexual maturity and
breast development. Progesterone also plays a significant
role in preparing the uterine wall for egg implantation.
copulation, sperm travel through the vagina to the ovaries,
or eggs. Once fertilized by the sperm, the egg attaches itself
to the uterine lining to develop into an embryo. During several
of pregnancy the embryo develops into a fetus, and nine
months later emerges through the vagina as a newborn.
Maintaining a healthy reproductive system
other part in the body, the importance of proper nutrition
and general good health to both the male and female reproductive
system can't be understated.
a healthy weight, not smoking, drinking alcohol in moderation,
exercise and eating a well balanced diet will all help to
keep the reproductive organs operating at peak performance.
In sexually active adults, the reproductive organs are particularly
vulnerable to STD's
or sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia,
AIDS which can also lead to associated conditions such
Good hygiene is certainly important, as is practicing safe
sex. Condoms go a long way towards preventing the spread of
disease and infection, and anyone having sex should limit
themselves to one partner at a time, and should expect the
same of their partner.
More about the reproductive system around the Web:
- Complete overview with information and diagrams explaining
the hormones and organs involved in sexual reproduction, with
related information on fertilization, birth stages, sexually
Works - How Human Reproduction Works - Introduction to the male and
female organs and their development and roles in sexual reproduction
with related instructional video and image gallery illustrating
the stages of pregnancy.