(pronounced "roh-ZAY-sha") is a chronic skin rash
which first typically appears between the ages of 30 and 65
and is believed to affect as many as 45 million people worldwide.
generally found in those of north western European descent,
and is much more common in women than it is in men. Rosacea
can affect the face, scalp, ears, neck, and even the upper
chest, but is usually limited to the center of the face. As
a result, it is sometimes confused in its early stages with
a common outbreak of acne.
Types & symptoms of rosacea
There are actually four different types of rosacea, which
are differentiated based on the severity of the condition.
The least severe may only look like a permanent red flush,
with a tendency to blush very easily. The most severe form
of rosacea includes symptoms such as bumpy, thickened skin,
discharge of puss, and an enlarged nose. Occasionally, those
suffering from rosacea also suffer from red, itchy eyes and
burning and itching sensations all over the body.
What causes rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is not known to researchers, but
it is likely that both the environment and genetic predisposition
have a role to play in acquiring rosacea. Researchers do know
that there are a number of risk factors that can exacerbate
rosacea. Temperature extremes, spicy food, sunlight, alcohol,
harsh face washes and creams, and even many psychological
factors such as embarrassment, stress, and anger can all bring on or
Treating rosacea is relatively easy, however it should be
done quickly because as the rash worsens it becomes more difficult
to treat. In most cases the treatment is only temporary and
the symptoms will return, but with careful attention it is
possible, though very difficult, to eventually send the ailment
into permanent remission.
Treatment is usually some combination of the two common treatment
methods, which are topical treatments such as creams and face
washes; or administration of drugs which often take the form
of antibiotics or in extreme cases more powerful drugs such
as Accutane. Lasers and surgery are also sometimes used to
treat the more permanent physical changes that rosacea can
cause, such as enlargement of the nose.
More information about rosacea around the Web:
Rosacea.org - Check out expert information on what it looks like, how to control it, and answers to common questions.
Rosacea fact sheet - Get more expert tips from the American Academy of Dermatology on causes and symptoms, treatment, and tips for managing the condition with related photos.
This information is intended as reference and not as medical advice. All treatment
decisions should be made by medical professionals.