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Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

gardening toolsHow far apart? How deep? How long will it take to grow?

Find out more about raising the most popular home garden vegetables with our complete guide to sowing, planting and harvest times:

Vegetable

Planting Depth
in inches

Inches Between
Plants

Average Time to Harvest

Asparagus

1

18

2 yr

Beans, snap bush

1

3-6

50-55 days

Beans, snap pole

1

4-12

65 days

Beans, lima bush

1
1

3-6
3-6

65 days
65 days

Beans, lima pole

1
1

4-12
4-12

80 days
80 days

Beets

1/2

2

65 days

Broccoli

1/4 - 1/2

18-24
18-24

80-115 days
75 days

Cabbage

1/4 - 1/2

12-18
12-18

100 days
80 days

Cabbage, Chinese

1/4 - 1/2

12

80 days

Carrots

1/4 - 1/2

2

75 days

Cauliflower

1/4 - 1/2

18-24
18-24

80-115 days
65 days

Chard, Swiss

1/4 - 1/2

6

50 days

Collards and Kale

1/4 - 1/2

8-16

55 days

Corn

1-2

12

80 days

Cucumbers

1

12-18

55 days

Eggplant

1/4

24

85 days

Kohlrabi

1/4 - 1/2

3-4

55 days

Lettuce, head

1/4

12
12-14

80-115 days
80 days

Lettuce, leaf

1/4

8-12

50 days

Muskmelons

1

36-48

90 days

Mustard

1/4 - 1/2

2

45 days

Okra

1

12-18

65 days

Onions, green

1

2

35 days

Onions, bulb

1

6

110 days

Parsley

1/4

4-6

90 days

Peanuts

1-2
1-2

3-4
3-4

110 days
110 days

Peas, English

1-2

2

65 days

Peas, southern

1

4-6

65 days

Peppers, bell

1/4

24

75 days

Potato

4

12

100 days

Potatoes, sweet

 

12

120 days

Pumpkins

1-2

48

90-110

Radishes

1/2

1

28 days

Rutabagas

1/4 - 1/2

12

90 days

Spinach

1/2

4

45 days

Squash, summer

1

36

55 days

Squash, winter

1

48

90 days

Tomatoes

1/4

18-36

70 days

Turnips, greens

1/4 - 1/2

2-3

50 days

Turnips, roots

1/4 - 1/2

2-3

60 days

Watermelons

1 1/2

48-72

85 days


Courtesy Mississippi (MS) Cooperative Extension Service and Experiment Station



More about garden planting and spacing around the Web:


High Yield Gardening: Plant spacing

How to Plant a Garden

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