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Perseid meteor

What: an annual celestial light show of "shooting stars" or meteors.

When: This year, peak viewing occurs on August 12-13, 2019 beginning at 9:30 PM ET on the 12th, and growing more spectacular after midnight and into the early morning hours until dawn.

Where: look toward the horizon at the constellation Perseus rising in the northeast sky.

What to bring: lawn chair, bottled water, camera, tripod.



The Perseid meteor shower is an annual meteor shower that is extremely regular in its timing and can potentially be visible for weeks in the late summer sky, depending on weather and location.

The Perseid meteor shower is named after the constellation Perseus, which is located in roughly the same point of the night sky where the Perseid meteor shower appears to originate from. This is a useful naming convention, but not very accurate!

The source of the Perseid meteor shower is actually debris from the comet Swift-Tuttle. Every year, the earth passes through the debris cloud left by the comet when the earth's atmosphere is bombarded by what is popularly known as "falling stars."

Although random sightings of shooting stars from the Perseids can occur as early late July, peak viewing is usually around mid-August.


Less than optimum viewing in 2019

The moon will be almost full on the night of August 12 - 13, 2019.

Compared to other years when the sky is completely dark, this year's bright moonlight will partially interfere with viewing the Perseids as they streak across the night sky. But, take heart -- moonlight can only block some of the spectacular night show you will be able to see.


When and where to look for Perseids in 2019

Because of the way the earth hits this debris cloud, the Perseid meteor shower is much more visible in the Northern hemisphere.

People in Canada, for instance, can clearly see the meteor shower by mid-July, but generally there isn't much activity at such an early date. Throughout Europe, the US and in the rest of North America, meteor shower activity usually peaks sometime around August 12th, when it is not unusual to see at least 60 meteors per hour streaking across the Northeast sky.

The meteors are certainly bright, but they are actually only tiny objects, usually no more than a grain of sand. However, as they travel at speeds of up to almost 45 miles-an-hour per second, these small particles put on quite a brilliant spectacle. And temperatures can reach anywhere from 3,000 to 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit as they speed across the sky.

perseids meteor shower
"Woah...did you see that?" The Perseids light and magic show peaks on the night of August 12 - 13.



Telescope or camera?

While mostly viewable to the naked eye, the annual Perseid meteor show may be partially obstructed by the moon, clouds or night mist, so amateur astronomers may want to carry along a pair of binoculars or a camera with a telescopic lens.

Even on clear nights, some kind of viewing aid comes in handy for catching sight of even the faintest of falling stars, aptly named "telescopic" meteors. Experts usually just advise to forget the telescope, and simply look up toward the northeast sky.

For photographing the annual event, a digital camera mounted on a tripod helps to steady the images that swiftly move across the sky.

A quick trigger finger also helps. Even random clicks during the height of Perseid "prime-time" will guarantee that you'll catch something! Be sure to have the camera focused on infinity and, if your camera permits, leave the shutter open for several minutes for the most spectacular photographic effects.



More about Perseid meteor showers around the Web:

Meteor Showers & Viewing Tips - The full year's schedule with peak dates and best viewing times in the U.S.

Perseid meteor showers - Everything you need to know, including updated information on this year's spectacular.

About Meteors - Brief but informative overview of common terms that help identify various sizes and types of meteors.

 

also see in Science --> Astronomy photo gallery

Viewing Iceland's Northern Lights


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