enology (pronounced "ee-NOL-owe-jee") is the technical term for the study of wine and wine making.
The root word comes from the Greek word Oeno, the name of the Greek wine god who had the ability to change water into wine.
Today, like modern beer brewmasters, oenologists are the go-to people for
expertise in grape varieties, blending, fermentation, temperature, and other
technical aspects of wine production.
distinct from other more practical aspects of wine making, such
as vine growing and grape harvesting, typically covered under viticulture. Oenologist is more of an in-house position that oversees making a quality product and promotes a winery's reputation long after last season's grapes have been picked.
If the title sounds like a jack-of-all-trades, it is. But training to become a modern oenolgist requires not only a higher education (a bachelor's degree with business and/or marketing courses) but hands-on training. Most oenologists begin their careers as a winery intern or by working as an assistant or lab technician.
Knowledge of grapes and the people who grow them, the science of fermentation, plant diseases, and the local weather are all part of a demanding job that is, by all accounts, never boring!
Later, a master's degree in oenology to study topics such as plant genetics, microbiology and chemistry to reach the level of a true winemaster.
Just up ahead, get a behind-the-scenes look at the science and business of wine with information that anyone who is interested in
wine can appreciate ...
- Major directory to all things wine - including organizations
and associations, trades shows and conferences, wine schools,
eco-oenology and related topics.
American Society for Enology and Viticulture - This organization
focuses on the scientific and professional interests of the wine
and grape industry. Some research papers are accessible online
in PDF format. The links section features a very nice collection
of industry resources.
Vineyard Foundation - This organization supports research
and their reports are available through an online search. The
results linked to here are for "wine making." If you
have another term or set of terms just enter them for a different
set of results.
Winery & Vineyard Magazine - The online publication
that focuses on the practical, hands-on aspects of winery and
vineyard operations. Some articles are available online without
and Winery Management Magazine Online - This top wine
industry publication allows access to many of the archived articles
through an online search as well as an index. They also list industry
events and have an easy to use searchable database of USA and