• In North America, the first day of summer arrives with the summer solstice, beginning on Monday, June 20, 2016 at 6:34 pm EDT (5:34 pm Central, 4:34 pm Mountain time, and 3:34 pm Pacific).
In the UK summer arrives a few hours later on Monday, June 20th at 22:34 UT.
Sol + stice
derives from a combination of Latin words meaning "sun"
+ "to stand still."
As the days lengthen, the sun rises
higher and higher until it seems to stand still in the sky, a pivotal moment in the seasonal calendar.
As a major
celestial event, the Summer Solstice results in the longest day
and the shortest night of the year.
Because the Earth revolves around the sun tilted slightly, things heat up differently on the planet north to south. While the Northern hemisphere celebrates
in June, people in Australia, South America, and other populations in the Southern hemisphere celebrate their longest day of the summer in December.
Awed by the great power of the sun, civilizations have for centuries celebrated
the first day of summer otherwise known as the Summer Solstice,
Midsummer (see Shakespeare),
John's Day, or the Wiccan Litha.
& Slavs celebrated the first day of summer with dancing &
bonfires to help increase the sun's energy. The Chinese marked
the day by honoring Li, the Chinese Goddess of Light.
Summer solstice is celebrated every year at dawn as crowds gather at Stonehenge in the UK.
most enduring modern ties with Summer solstice is the present-day belief of a "lucky" wedding
in June which echoes back to an ancient Druids celebration of Summer solstice as the "wedding of Heaven and Earth".
How Summer solstice is celebrated today
day is still celebrated around the world, most notably in England
at Stonehenge, where thousands gather to welcome the sunrise on the Summer solstice.
Throughout Europe, other pagan spirit
gatherings or festivals are still common in June, when groups assemble
to light a sacred fire, and stay up all night to welcome the dawn. In Paris, the day is marked with free concerts during the annual Fête de la Musique.
In the U.S., the city of Santa Barbara in California holds the nation's most talked-about Summer solstic celebrations -- featuring a parade, performance artists, and other entertainment during a festival that lasts a full three days.
On the East Coast, New York City traditionally ushers in the solstice with a music concert at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine as a more risqué celebration happens in Brooklyn at the annual Coney Island Mermaid Parade.
Summer Solstice fun facts
Pagans called the Midsummer moon the "Honey
Moon" for the mead made from fermented honey that was part of wedding ceremonies performed
at the Summer solstice.
Ancient Pagans celebrated Midsummer with
bonfires when couples would leap through the flames for good luck (in the belief that the higher the jump, the higher your summer crops would grow.)
was thought to be a time of magic, when evil spirits were said
to appear. To thwart them, Pagans often wore protective garlands
of herbs and flowers. One of the most powerful of them was a
plant called 'chase-devil', known today as St.
John's Wort which is still used by modern herbalists as a mood
On the Web,
discover more about the topic, where and how Summer solstice
is celebrated around the world along with related history, folklore
and rituals that mark the much-awaited long, bright days of summer
Solstice - Good overview of its history, customs & holidays, illustrations, date &
time charts and related resources, from Wikipedia.