With some similarities to an American Halloween, Dia de los Muertos is a
festive celebration which survives from ancient Mexico.
It was only when the Spaniards arrived in the 16th century that the festival was incorporated into the Catholic All Souls Day and All Saints Day, celebrated on November 1 and November 2.
As they still say in Mexico, "Nobody truly dies unless they are forgotten". The day is still a very special one, and helps keep family memories alive.
This year, Day of the Dead observances are celebrated beginning on the evening of Sunday, October 31, 2021 and ends on Tuesday, November 2, 2021.
Children are remembered on the Day of the Innocents ("Día de los Inocentes") on November 1, followed by other loved ones who are counted among the dearly departed on November 2, the Day of the Dead.
How Day of the Dead began
In ancient Mexico, rituals celebrating the lives of dead ancestors had been performed by Mesoamerican civilizations for at least 3,000 years. Festivities were presided over by the goddess Mictecacihuatl, known as the "Lady of the Dead".
It was common practice to skulls as trophies and display them during rituals to symbolize death and rebirth. The festival began in early August and was celebrated for the entire month.
How Day of the Dead is celebrated today
Pan de Muerto or "Bread of the Dead", is a popular
Mexican bakeries to celebrate the day.
tradition that lives on today is a recipe
for sugar skulls, which are brightly decorated and served
up by Day of the Dead devotees and party hosts with ghoulish
Local bakeries also feature special breads and cakes in playful shapes of skulls to serve as holiday treats.
In pop culture, Day of the Dead was poignantly introduced to movie audiences worldwide in 2017 with the Disney'/Pixar animated film Coco.
The animated tale tells the story of a young Mexican musician who enters the Land of the Dead to find his great-great-grandfather, a legendary singer, and to unlock the real story behind his family's history.
Today, the otherwise celebratory atmosphere during Day of the Dead is in stark contrast to the serious custom of honoring relatives and loved ones who have passed on, with traditions that include building home altars to honor the dead. Graves of relatives are also cleaned and decorated for the occasion.
Thanks to "Coco", the Day of the Dead was introduced to movie audiences worldwide in 2017.
Sprays of bright orange cempasúchil (a type of marigold) adorn altars and tombs, with photos of the deceased prominently displayed.
Many Mexicans also still observe the tradition of offerings of the customary Pan de Muerto, a sweet cake. Deceased children (called los angelitos, or little angels) are also honored with new toys, while adults are brought their favorite food and drink to help vibrantly recall the special things that gave the deceased joy while they were still alive.
Just up ahead, check
out more traditions old and new online - as Dia de los Muertos comes alive and kicking in outstanding
photo galleries, folk art exhibits, e-cards, video clips,
history, craft ideas, recipes and trivia...
Day of the Dead - Dia
de los Muertos - Check out Day of the Dead central, including
an extensive cache of articles and photo essays on the altar
to the dead, candlelight vigils, gravesite ceremonies, folk
art, activities and traditions.
Day of the Dead Holiday - Here's a good overview with feature stories chronicling the history and traditions
of Dia de los Muertos, where to find the best locations for
authentic ceremonies, a special report from Oaxaca, and related